The cannabis plant secretes hundreds of chemical compounds, among which cannabinoids. 140+ cannabinoids have been discovered so far, and two of them are produced in greater quantity. You guessed it: THC and CBD.

They’re both cannabinoids

The cannabis plant secrets hundreds of chemical compounds, among which cannabinoids. 85 cannabinoids have been discovered so far, and two of them are produced in greater quantity. You guessed it: THC and CBD.

With different effects:

THC is credited with causing the « high » in cannabis consumption. Its psychoactive effects have known recreational and spiritual applications since 2,700 B.C., only to be isolated in 1954 by scientist Raphaël Mechoulam.

More discreet was CBD: it does not make you “high”. Its use and applications can be traced back to centuries. Mechoulam (yes, him again) actually discovered it a year before THC! The first “CBD study” came in 1980, and it was only in 1998 that the case was made for the use of CBD-rich cannabis varieties.

And a different legal status:

Because of its psychoactive effects, THC has been listed as a substance by the 1971 Convention on Psychotropic Substances, making it illegal in most countries.

However, CBD was never considered a psychotropic substance and was therefore never listed as a controlled substance. The only countries where it is officially controlled is Israël and Canada.

cannabis-sativa-1

High THC cannabis plants are called Sativa and are illegal

Remember:

  • THC and CBD are both natural compounds of the cannabis plant, known as cannabinoids.
  • High THC cannabis plants are called Sativa while high CBD strains are called Indica
  • THC is a controlled substance because of its psychoactive effects.
  • CBD has no psychotropic effects. It is legal almost everywhere, and it is being studied and used by millions of people around the world.
  • A cannabis-powered product that contains CBD, but no THC, is legal in most of the world.

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